Lösungsbeschreibung des Preisrätsels vom Juli 2019

Sternbilder

1.) Liste der hellsten Sterne

Die nachstehende sortierbare Liste umfasst alle 88 von der IAU (Internationale Astronomische Union) verbindlich festgelegten Sternbilder mit ihrem jeweiligen hellsten Stern, dessen Nummer, Helligkeit und Entfernung.

Nr.deutscher Name lateinischer Name Ecken hellster Stern Nr. Kürzel mag
vis.
mag
abs.
Lj Pc HIP
1Achterdeck des SchiffsPuppis10Naos
Suhail Hadar
ζPup2,21-5,3971083,60332,22839429
2AdlerAquila22Altair
Atair
αAql0,762,21016,735,12997649
3AltarAra12ChooαAra2,84-1,728267,3581,96885792
4AndromedaAndromeda36Alpheratz
Sirrah
αAnd2,07-0,29797,0129,743677
5BärenhüterBootes16Arktur
Arcturus
αBoo-0,05-0,30736,7211,25869673
6BecherCrater6LabrumδCrt3,56-0,217185,7456,94755282
7BildhauerSculptor6Alpha SculptorisαScl4,30-2,584776,58238,0964577
8ChamäleonChamaeleon4Alpha Chamaeleontis
Gliese 305
αCha4,052,59363,8019,56140702
9Chemischer OfenFornax8Dalim
Gliese 127A
αFor3,803,03346,4414,23814879
10DelphinDelphinus14RotanevβDel3,641,188100,8930,932101769
11DracheDraco50EltaninγDra2,24-1,135154,2947,30587833
12DreieckTriangulum14DeltotumβTri3,000,051126,8638,89510064
13EidechseLacerta16Alpha LacertaeαLac3,761,271102,6031,457111169
14EinhornMonoceros16Beta MonocerotisβMon3,76-2,825676,69207,47130867
15EridanusEridanus44AchernarαEri0,45-2,705139,4542,7557588
16FischePisces22Kullat NunuηPsc3,62-1,531349,59107,1837097
17FliegeMusca6Alpha MuscaeαMus2,69-2,237315,4496,71361585
18Fliegender FischVolans4Beta VolantisβVol3,771,179107,5432,97141312
19FuchsVulpecula20AnserαVul4,44-0,359297,3291,15795771
20FüllenEquuleus8KitalphaαEqu3,920,090190,2958,342104987
21FuhrmannAuriga20CapellaαAur0,08-0,51042,8013,12224608
22GiraffeCamelopardalis32Beta CamelopardalisβCam4,03-3,106872,09267,37923522
23GrabstichelCaelum12Alpha CaeliαCae4,442,91765,7720,16521770
24Großer BärUrsa Major28AliothεUMa1,76-0,25682,5525,31062956
25Großer HundCanis Major4SiriusαCMa-1,441,4558,602,63732349
26Haar der BerenikeComa Berenices12DiademαCom4,323,06558,1417,82664241
27HaseLepus6ArnebαLep2,58-6,5832218,11680,06425985
28HerkulesHercules28KornephorosβHer2,78-0,370139,1542,66380816
29IndianerIndus10PerserαInd3,110,71498,3330,148101772
30JagdhundeCanes Venatici14Cor Caroliα2CVn2,890,157114,8135,20063125
31JungfrauVirgo18SpicaαVir0,98-3,440249,7476,56965474
32KassiopeiaCassiopeia30Cih
Navi
γCas2,15-3,981549,10168,3524427
33KepheusCepheus36AlderaminαCep2,451,56449,0515,039105199
34Kiel des SchiffsCarina18CanopusαCar-0,62-5,504309,1694,78730438
35Kleine WasserschlangeHydrus12Beta HydriβHyi2,823,45624,337,4592021
36Kleiner BärUrsa Minor22PolarsternαUMi1,97-3,643432,58132,62711767
37Kleiner HundCanis Minor14ProkyonαCMi0,402,67111,463,51437279
38Kleiner LöweLeo Minor16Praecipua46LMi3,791,47294,8729,08753229
39KranichGrus6AlnairαGru1,73-0,725101,0130,969109268
40KrebsCancer10AltarfβCnc3,53-1,313303,4193,02440526
41Kreuz des SüdensCrux4Acrux
Trishanku
α1Cru0,77-4,202321,9898,71860718
42LeierLyra14WegaαLyr0,030,60325,057,68091262
43LöweLeo16RegulusαLeo1,36-0,56979,3024,31349669
44LuchsLynx20Alpha LyncisαLyn3,14-0,831203,0962,26745860
45LuftpumpeAntlia12Alpha AntliaeαAnt4,28-0,971366,06112,23351172
46MalerPictor18Alpha PictorisαPic3,240,88396,5629,60532607
47MikroskopMicroscopium4Gamma MicroscopiiγMic4,670,438229,0570,226103738
48NetzReticulum10Alpha ReticuliαRet3,33-0,145161,6349,55519780
49Nördliche KroneCorona Borealis8Gemma
Alphecca
αCrB2,220,41075,0523,01076267
50OktantOctans8Nu OctantisνOct3,732,09869,1521,201107089
51OrionOrion26Rigel
Algebar
βOri0,18-6,933862,87264,55324436
52ParadiesvogelApus6Alpha ApodisαAps3,83-1,853446,80136,98772370
53PegasusPegasus38EnifεPeg2,38-4,246689,56211,416107315
54PendeluhrHorologium22Alpha HorologiiαHor3,851,113115,0135,26219747
55PerseusPerseus26MirfakαPer1,79-4,166506,46155,27915863
56PfauPavo8PeacockαPav1,94-1,755178,8254,826100751
57PfeilSagitta12Gamma SagittaeγSge3,51-0,985258,4579,24098337
58PhoenixPhoenix10AnkaaαPhe2,400,32784,7225,9752081
59RabeCorvus6GienahγCrv2,58-0,785153,6347,10259803
60SchiffskompassPyxis8Alpha PyxidisαPyx3,68-3,473879,15269,54442828
61SchildScutum4Alpha ScutiαSct3,85-0,078199,1261,04991117
62SchlangeSerpens32UnukalhaiαSer2,630,85273,9622,67677070
63SchlangenträgerOphiuchus38RasalhagueαOph2,081,21448,5914,89886032
64SchützeSagittarius12Kaus AustralisεSgr1,79-1,424143,3143,93890185
65SchwanCygnus30DenebαCyg1,25-6,9321411,96432,902102098
66SchwertfischDorado20Alpha DoradusαDor3,30-0,268168,6551,70721281
67Segel des SchiffsVela14Suhail al Muhlif
Regor
γVel1,75-5,9231117,00342,46839953
68SextantSextans4Alpha SextantisαSex4,48-0,215283,3786,88049641
69SkorpionScorpius18AntaresαSco1,06-5,089553,76169,78180763
70SteinbockCapricornus10Deneb AlgediδCap2,852,47938,7011,865107556
71StierTaurus24AldebaranαTau0,87-0,68266,6520,43521421
72Südliche KroneCorona Australis4Beta Coronae AustralisβCrA4,10-1,712474,07145,34894160
73Südlicher FischPiscis Austrinus4FomalhautαPsA1,171,73625,137,705113368
74Südliches DreieckTriangulum Australe18AtriaαTrA1,91-3,482390,61119,76082273
75TafelbergMensa8Alpha MensaeαMen5,085,03833,2610,19729271
76TaubeColumba6PhaktαCol2,65-1,869261,3580,12926634
77TeleskopTelescopium4Alpha TelescopiiαTel3,49-1,162277,8285,17990422
78TukanTucana10Alpha TucanaeαTuc2,87-1,065199,7361,236110130
79WaageLibra12ZubeneschamaliβLib2,61-1,160185,1156,75474785
80WalfischCetus12DiphdaβCet2,04-0,31296,3329,5343419
81WassermannAquarius18SadalsuudβAqr2,90-3,184537,34164,746106278
82WasserschlangeHydra32AlphardαHya1,99-1,723180,3055,27946390
83WidderAries10HamalαAri2,010,48665,8120,1779884
84WinkelmaßNorma10Gamma2 Normaeγ2Nor4,011,028128,7739,48080000
85WolfLupus12MenαLup2,30-3,468464,62142,45171860
86ZentaurCentaurus18Rigil KentaurusαCen-0,014,3804,321,32471683
87ZirkelCircinus14Alpha CirciniαCir3,182,08354,0516,57271908
88ZwillingeGemini22PolluxβGem1,161,08333,7910,36037826

2.) Antworten des Rätsels

EigenschaftNameNr.KürzelmagLichtjahreParsec
hellster SternSiriusαCMa-1,448,60
schwächster SternAlpha MensaeαMen5,0833,26



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